Once upon a time... there was the pear
Originating in Central Asia, Pyrus Communis started to spread throughout Central Europe in Neolithic times. However it only really began to be grown four thousand years ago in China.
The Greeks then discovered this fruit and appreciated its texture. But it was the Romans who were to allow the pear tree to diversify by means of grafting, which made it possible to multiply the number of pear varieties.
Below you can discover the varieties marketed by BLUE WHALE
From there, the pear made itself known throughout Europe. In Medieval times pears were eaten cooked because they were not particularly pretty to look at. As from the Renaissance the number of varieties increased further, which also led to the creation of species to be eaten raw.
Today, about ten varieties are sold, but there are several thousand species in all.